The Psychology Of Personal Development

Developing a personal identity:×280&!5&btvi=1&fsb=1&dtd=69206

This is an ongoing process beginning at birth; learning that takes place in the early years lays the foundation for how we see ourselves during later growth. Making positive statements (particularly throughout childhood which is the most important stage for healthy maturation of the mind) and affirming efforts, achievements and attributes is a vital part of nurturing and reinforcing this development of self. This then leads on to the development of self-esteem and self-judgement. Encouragement of your efforts is fundamental to building self-identity and self-esteem; a healthy self-identity and self-esteem fosters a positive disposition and attitude.

The science of the self:

The Static Self – what is the “self”?

– Self-concept – Your knowledge, feelings and ideas about yourself.

– Self-schema – The mental framework that represents and creates information about who you are.

Key sources of information that enters our self-concept are:

Introspection! This is how we examine our own conscious thoughts and feelings.×280&!6&btvi=2&fsb=1&dtd=69238

Other people’s expectations and evaluations about us.

Self- Motives: Shaping the self:

– Self-assessment (curiosity about ourselves)

– Self-verification (seeking consistency in ourselves)

– Self-enhancement (feeling better about ourselves) – this is the most important/prominent self-motive!

How do we self-enhance?

Self- serving bias- This is any cognitive or perceptual process that is distorted by the need to maintain and enhance self-esteem, or the tendency to perceive yourself in an overly favourable manner. In other words, individuals tend to ascribe success to their own abilities and efforts, but ascribe failure to external factors (they reject the validity of negative feedback in order to protect their ego from threat/injury). The use of self-serving biases becomes stronger when failure is made public (visible to others).

We are critical about information we gain.